Take a Chance: Indonesia’s President Election

July 7, 2009

Today, July 8, 2009 it is the time to elect Indonesian higher goverment leaders, the president with vice-president, there is 3 candidate to choose, Number 1, Mrs. Megawati, the daughter of Indonesia’s first president Soekarno and the 5th President of Indonesia (2001-2004) with the vice-president candidates, Mr. Prabowo Subianto, former KOPASSUS head leaders at Indonesia Military. They are voted by two big party, Megawati by PDI-P and Prabowo by Partai Gerindra, the issues is they will focusing in the society economics (Ekonomi Kerakyatan) as we know Prabowo were close with the fisherman and farmer also leading the forum.

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Megawati Soekarno Putri with Prabowo Subianto

Number 2, current Indonesia President, Mr. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY) with the vice-president candidates, Mr. Boediono, he is a professor from Gadjah Mada University, former minister, governor of Bank of Indonesia. The slogan is “lanjutkan!” (continue) from the government effort to make continuing development, as we know SBY’s party, Partai Demokrat is the winner of Indonesian Legislatif Election in April 2009.

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Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono with Boediono

Number 3, current Indonesia Vice-President, Mr. M. Jusuf Kalla (JK) will attend to be Indonesia next president with Mr. Wiranto, former General of Indonesian Army (Panglima TNI) as vice-president in “JK-Win” collaboration. JK-Win collaboration have a motto “lebih cepat lebih baik” (too fast more better) in Indonesian next governments.

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M. Jusuf Kalla with Wiranto

Okay, guys, this is the time for you to choose, all the candidate is the best to be a leaders,but we must choosing one as our president, all hail you guys, Indonesian citizens and voters!


Leaders Coalition : Jusuf Kalla – Wiranto

May 1, 2009

This Year, What really “happening” in Indonesia is General Election (Pemilu), the winner is Democrat Party (Partai Demokrat / PD), that bring SBY (Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono) again to becoming Indonesia President. Not like 2004, now SBY will not coming with JK (Jusuf Kalla), know as Indonesia Vice President in present days.

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Jusuf Kalla (Indonesia Vice President / Indonesia President Candidate).

It is because this day, May 1. 2009 JK with his party (Golkar Party) choose to separate with SBY, it is to becoming President as well. JK has Vice-President candidate, he is General (Purn.) Wiranto from Hanura Party (Partai Hati Nurani Rakyat). They was announced to the publics for this coalition.

it is good coalition or not?

First, to see from political perspective, its hard to compete with SBY, the party is to strong, powerful and believable. In the other hand, Megawati Sukarno putri (Indonesia Democracy Party-Struggle) also have a power and she is not yet choose the sides to do coalition, from the calculation and estimation, she is will duet with General (Purn) Prabowo Subianto from Gerindra Party. JK-Wiranto will facing the truth that SBY is to strong as well, and Megawati also has a huge number of followers.

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Wiranto (Hanura Party Head Leader / Indonesia Vice President Candidate).

Second, another perspective, historical truth about JK-Wiranto it is almost clean, except little Wiranto roles in 1998 tragedy (fall of Suharto), but for all of this they are clean as well. Especially JK, he has good track records, for example to solve Aceh conflicts, he is a main maker in that peaceful agreement with Gerakan Aceh Merdeka (GAM) as separatism movement – read book: “To See The Unseen“.

For Indonesia voters, it is better to be wise to choose, but to lead, to solve and to built this country, whoever the President, as a citizens we must support them and respects their aim to make “better Indonesia”.


Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir : First Lesbian Prime Minister From Iceland

February 10, 2009

An Icelandic political party says it will name an openly gay government minister to the post of interim prime minister.

The country’s Social Democratic Alliance Party has picked Johanna Sigurdardottir, 66, to be prime minister in the wake of this week’s collapse of Iceland’s ruling conservative coalition, The Daily Mail reported Wednesday.

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Iceland’s Coat of Arms

Currently Iceland’s social affairs minister, Sigurdardottir, described as a former flight attendant who rose through the political ranks, could confirmed as early as this week by Iceland’s new ruling coalition of the Alliance Party and the Left-Green movement, the newspaper said.

Sigurdardottir will face a massive job of rebuilding Iceland’s economy, which has been battered the collapse of three major banks saddled by huge debt loads. The bank failures triggered a plunge in Iceland’s currency, inflation and rising unemployment.

About Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir

Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir is an Icelandic politician and the current Prime Minister of Iceland. She had previously been Iceland’s Minister of Social Affairs and Social Security from 1987–1994 and 2007–2009. She has been a member of the Althing (Iceland’s parliament) for Reykjavík constituencies since 1978, winning re-election on eight successive occasions. She became Iceland’s first female Prime Minister on 1 February 2009; she also became the world’s first openly gay head of government of the modern era. Jóhanna is a social democrat and Iceland’s longest-serving member of Parliament. In the 1990s, when she lost a bid to head the party, she lifted her first and declared “My time will come!” – a phrase that became a popular Icelandic expression.

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Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir, Prime Minister of Iceland

On 26 January 2009, Prime Minister Geir Haarde tendered the resignation of the coalition government to the President of Iceland, Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson. The move followed sixteen weeks of protests over the government’s handling of the financial crisis, protests which had intensified from 20 January.

After talks with the leaders of the five parties represented in the Althing, the President asked the Social Democratic Alliance and the Left-Green Movement to form a new government and to prepare for elections in the spring.

Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir was proposed as Prime Minister for the new government, not least because of her popularity among the general public and her good relations with the Left-Green Movement. An opinion poll by Capacent Gallup in December 2008 found 73% approval of her actions as a minister, more than any other member of the Cabinet: she was also the only minister to have improved her approval ratings over 2008.

The new government needs the support of the Progressive Party in the Althing. Negotiations continued up to the evening of 31 January, and the new Cabinet was appointed on 1 February.

Sources :

http://www.upi.com/Top_News/2009/01/28/Iceland_to_name_openly_gay_prime_minister/UPI-90501233173410/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J%C3%B3hanna_Sigur%C3%B0ard%C3%B3ttir


Harga BBM turun? Langkah Strategis atau Politis? tarif angkutan tidak ikut turun

January 15, 2009

Minggu ini harga BBM turun kembali ke kisaran Rp.4,500 rupiah, ini merupakan sebuah langkah yang cukup tepat yang diambil pemerintah, di saat guncangan bencana finansial global yang menimpa dunia, pemerintah berani mengambil langkah bijak untuk rakyat.

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Langkah pemerintah ini bisa dikategorikan sebagai langkah strategis untuk mengantisipasi kebutuhan masyarakat yang kian bertambah. Namun ada keraguan dari beberapa pihak bahwa hal ini merupakan kebijakan yang bersifat politis, mengingat semakin dekatnya pemilu 2009, dimana Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono akan kembali mencalonkan diri sebagai presiden periode 2009 – 2014. Hal ini berkaitan dengan opini masyarakat yang ingin dibangun oleh pemerintah dari hal-hal yang paling vital, salah satunya adalah harga BBM, untuk kembali mendapatkan suara positif dari masyarakat berkat turunnya harga BBM.

Kemudian bagaimana dengan tarif angkutan yang tidak ikut turun seiring turunnya harga BBM?  turunnya harga BBM tak terlalu berpengaruh terhadap turunnya tarif angkutan dalam kota. Penurunannya tak terlalu signifikan.

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Masalahnya, dalam perhitungan pengaruh komponen harga bahan bakar terhadap harga pokok atau tarif, penurunan harga bahan bakar setiap 10 persen, hanya berpengaruh sebesar 2,8 persen hingga 3,4 persen terhadap penurunan tarif.

Secara sederhana, tarif angkutan darat dalam kota yang biasanya sebesar Rp 2.500 – Rp 6.000, dengan perhitungan di atas, paling banyak hanya akan berkurang sekitar Rp 100-200. Perhitungan ini juga tergantung pada jenis angkutannya. Pengaruh komponen harga bahan bakar terhadap tarif angkutan darat sebesar 28-34 persen, terhadap angkutan laut sebesar 50-55 persen sedangkan untuk angkutan udara sekitar 50-60 persen.

Namun demikian, penurunan tarif yang signifikan akan terjadi pada angkutan-angkutan yang memiliki tarif tetap, seperti angkutan antar kota.

Some Sources :

http://www.kompas.com/read/xml/2008/10/29/12251118/harga.bbm.turun.tarif.angkot.sulit.turun


Indonesian Public Transportation : PT. Pelayaran Nasional Indonesia

January 10, 2009
The View of Indonesian Public Transportation

Transportation is kind of important things in every country, even for development country like Indonesia. Transportation in Indonesia is also public services that needs by the public for traveling, going outside the city or going somewhere.

Transportation in Indonesia divided into three categories; sea transportation, land transportation and air transportation. This topic will explain an objectives from Indonesian shipping and public transportation across the sea.

PT. Pelayaran Nasional Indonesia (Pelni)

The company was incorporated in 1950 under the name of Yayasan Penguasaan Pusat Kapal-kapal (PEPUSKA/Foundation of Main Authority for Ships) by legally from Surat Keputusan Bersama (SKB/Joining Letter) by the Minister of Transportation and Minister of Public Development.

During the years before 1950s, The Netherlands Government refused Indonesia’s concept to convert their Ships Company by the name of N.V. K.P.M (Koninklijke Paketvaart Matschappij) into a private company.

The concept also mentioned that all operational ships must using Indonesia National Flag. This idea was totally rejected by The Netherlands Government.Onwards, the rejection does not decrease the spirit for Indonesia. In spite of, consist with 8 ships with total 4800 DWT (death weight ton), PEPUSKA story was such a success that the business was continuing and expanded. PEPUSKA ships sails together with N.V. K.P.M ships that already had experienced more than half century.

That was some unfair business. N.V. K.P.M had more ships than PEPUSKA does, and also N.V. K.P.M already monopoly some business contract in shipment.Finally, On April 28th 1952, in addition to its operation, management recognized growing opportunities in the shipment business. On that date, PEPUSKA being dismissed and Indonesia opened its first state shipment private company called PT. PELNI based on three legal letters Surat Keputusan Menteri Perhubungan (Minister of Transportation) No. M.2/1/2 dated February 28th 1952, No. A.2/1/2 dated April 19th 1952, and Berita Negara Republik Indonesia No. 50 dated June 20th 1952.

PT PELNI appointed its first President Director is Mr. R. Ma’moen Soemadipraja (1952-1955)The Company (PT. PELNI) found it difficult to compete with only 8 boats from PEPUSKA as a beginning. So, Export Import Indonesia Bank lending funds for PELNI to bought 45 coasters from Western Europe. As the company wait for those coasters arrival, PELNI rented some overseas flag ships.

This procedure was taken to fulfill empty route inherit from KPM. After that one by one the rented ships was replaced by the coasters and some of them also fulfilled by the Japanese boats taken from war action.

To provide the capital to further its growth, PT. PELNI changed their status from public into Government Company in 1961 based on Lembaran Negara RI No. LN 1961. In 1975, the Company changed its status again into a Private Company based on Akte Pendirian No. 31 dated October 30th, 1975. This history is written on Berita Negara RI No. 562-1976 and addendum No. 60 dated June 27th, 1976.As time goes by and competition, in the late 1975 the company changed their status based on Akta Pendirian No. 31 dated October 30th, 1975 and Akte Perubahan No. 22 dated March 4th, 1998. This changing is published on Berita Negara Republik Indonesia dated April 16th, 1999 and addendum No. 2203.

Main Business

PT. PELNI main business is to provide sea mass transportation that covered passenger and goodies transport amongst the island in Indonesia. Today they operate more than 28 units of passenger ship transport that classified as follows: 3.000 pax, 2.000 pax, 1.000 pax, and 500 pax of passenger capacity, The Ro-Ro type (Roll on – Roll off) and 1 unit of high speed ferry with overall capacity in total of 36.913 passengers. Besides, we also operate of 4 unit goodies ship transport with total of DWT (Death Weight Tonnage) is 1.200 tons.Indonesia total areas consist of 17.503 islands.

That’s why Indonesia sea transportation is needed because those islands were connected by the sea. According to the SK Dirjen Perla no. AT 55/I/8/DJPL-06 dated April 5th, 2006, PELNI must follow and provide routes for Indonesia sea transportation. Total region and place is 91 harbors with 47 branch offices and more than 300 travel agents throughout Indonesia.To fulfill our missions and goals is the company responsibility to connect even to the further island in Indonesia (President Statement No. 78, 2005 about connecting small and remote island). Besides, our other goal is to take benefit from Indonesia Nature Resources to make continuous community development.

Other Business:
Side Business
* Pelni Hospital
* Cipayung Guest House

Supporting Business

* Master Transportation
* Ship Agency
* Ship DockSubsidiary Company
* PT. SBN : Dock Loading
* PT. PIDC : Freight Forwarding.

some resources taken from:
www.pelni.co.id


Human Rights In Sweden

January 5, 2009

In Sweden, human rights are primarily protected through three Constitutional laws: the Instrument of Government, the Freedom of the Press Act and the Fundamental Law on Freedom of Expression. Freedom of the press has been protected in the Constitution since the 18th century and this right is one of the oldest in the country.

Constitutional law
Protection of human rights is primarily dealt with in the first two chapters of the Instrument of Government. The first chapter establishes that public power should be exercised with respect for the equal worth of all and for the freedom and dignity of the individual. It goes on to state that public authority should especially safeguard the right to work, housing and education and should promote social welfare, security and a good environment for people to live in.

Basic rights and freedoms
The second chapter includes regulations on basic rights and freedoms, such as, for example, positive and negative freedoms of opinion, and physical integrity. The same chapter makes it clear that laws and other regulations may not lead to any citizen being disadvantaged because he/she belongs to a minority, in terms of race, skin colour or ethnic origin. It goes on to state that laws and other regulations may not lead to any citizen being disadvantaged because of his/her gender, unless the regulation is part of attempts to achieve equality between men and women or applies to military service or similar compulsory service. Other statutes of the constitution describe conditions in which encroachments on the right to engage in business are permitted, and legally regulate Sami rights to engage in reindeer husbandry. The right to free basic education in state schools is also protected in the Swedish Constitution.

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Restrictions on rights and freedoms
The second chapter of the Instrument of Government also includes regulations on basic rights and freedoms in which restrictions may be permitted, the form for decisions on such restrictions and the general principles that must be observed when imposing a restriction. A restriction must be supported by the law, and may only be imposed to achieve objectives that are acceptable in a democratic society. A restriction may not go beyond the bounds necessary to achieve its purpose or be so extensive that freedom of opinion, one of the fundamental bases of democracy, is threatened. Nor may a restriction be imposed solely because of political, religious, cultural or other beliefs. For specific rights and freedoms, there are further regulations on restrictions.

The rights of aliens
For the most part, aliens have the same status as Swedish citizens, but may be subject to special legislation, as may be seen in the second chapter of the Instrument of Government.

In addition to the Swedish Constitution, many Swedish laws and regulations at other levels are of practical significance for the basic rights and freedoms of the individual. This applies to a number of different laws and regulations involving, for example, health and medical care, the social services, penal care, protection against various forms of discrimination, the educational system and trials of criminal and civil cases.

The European Convention
Since 1995, the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms has been incorporated into Swedish law (SF: 1994:1219). A statute has been included in the Instrument of Government that states that laws and other regulations may not be enacted in contravention of Sweden’s commitments under the Convention. Laws enacted before the Convention was incorporated into Swedish legislation must be interpreted in accordance with the Convention and existing practice. Legislation enacted later may not contravene the Convention or existing practice.

The EU sphere of competence
Several issues lying within the sphere of competence of the EU are very closely linked with human rights. This is the case, for example, with asylum and gender equality policies. When legislation originating directly from EU institutions is to be implemented in Sweden, either via directives to be imposed or ordinances to be applied directly, it is important that the human rights perspective is included. This concept is emphasised by the fact that in Nice in December 2000, the European Council proclaimed the statute on fundamental rights, the so-called European Charter on fundamental human rights. The statute is a political declaration.

Sweden has signed and ratified most of the documents involving human rights within the UN, the International Labour Organisation (ILO) and the Council of Europe. Responsibility for ensuring that human rights are not violated rests with the Government, and central government and local administration. However, it is not only the Government’s work on improving the promotion and protection of human rights that is important. A number of other actors in society, both public and private, contribute in their work to the promotion and protection of human rights.

The Delegation for Human Rights in Sweden
A delegation is established to support the long-term work to ensure full respect for human rights in Sweden, on the basis of the Government’s written communication A National Action Plan for Human Rights 2006–2009 (Govt. Comm. 2005/06:95). Under its mandate, the Delegation will:

-support government agencies, municipalities and county councils in their work to ensure full respect for human rights in their activities,
-develop and implement strategies to increase information and knowledge about human rights in various target groups in society, partly by coordinating the EU initiative European Year of Equal Opportunities for All and the Council of Europe campaign All Different – All Equal in Sweden,
– stimulate public debate on human rights, and
– present proposals on how to provide continued support to work towards ensuring full respect for human rights in Sweden after the Delegation has completed its mandate.

The Delegation will submit a final report on its work to the Government no later than 31 March 2010.

Sources :

http://www.manskligarattigheter.se


Public Administration Paradox & Transformation

December 24, 2008

Public Administration Paradox

The Public Administration at the third millenium has changed from global, national or local platforms to politics, economics and cultural perspectives which is if we take some examples from any develop countries , there is a simultaneous process of changing that moves faster, chains systems reactions and makes global effects. Technology, another variables that cannot be left by the administrators, has different effects and developments in the government works such as e-government, online systems, etc. By the technology assistance, the government circles of works can be adapted to face any global changes at any scope.

Entering the third millenium, structures and values of the public administration can be looked from three perspectives : political democracy, societal transformation and technological progress.

The values, divided into two aspects. First, is social values that involves public participations and democracy to challenge the structure of authority and control. Second, is the basic values of public administration, such a public policy, public finance, organization and management, etc.

The question is how the core of public administration connected with values and needs in the large community, for example a state?

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The Transformations of The Concepts

1. First Transformation

There is a complex differentiation between public administration function and social needs. The differentiation must be broken in the changing lines to be two aspects : structure and hierarchy.

To make the successful public administration, the first step is to search the scale and complexity of modern government then we know how is public administration will work in the state. Two, public administration that settles in the states should absorb the process effectively to accomplish a goal. Finally, public administration needs to be develop and increase the government working systems.

2. Second Transformation

Structure and hierarchy have to be transformed to another levels. The previous government’s perspectives of public needs and public services should be changed to a “new one” perspective. The answers are networking and stakeholders’ participation.

With the works of networking, government can make a good relationship with another groups, for example government from another country, private sectors, investors, and the shareholders’ stocks and bonds.

Stakeholders participation also have a good idea to make the better works of the government, because this elite groups needs to think about public needs and development as well as the government does, for a better future.