The View of Indonesian Public Transportation
Transportation is kind of important things in every country, even for development country like Indonesia. Transportation in Indonesia is also public services that needs by the public for traveling, going outside the city or going somewhere.
Transportation in Indonesia divided into three categories; sea transportation, land transportation and air transportation. This topic will explain an objectives from Indonesian shipping and public transportation across the sea.
PT. Pelayaran Nasional Indonesia (Pelni)
The company was incorporated in 1950 under the name of Yayasan Penguasaan Pusat Kapal-kapal (PEPUSKA/Foundation of Main Authority for Ships) by legally from Surat Keputusan Bersama (SKB/Joining Letter) by the Minister of Transportation and Minister of Public Development.
During the years before 1950s, The Netherlands Government refused Indonesia’s concept to convert their Ships Company by the name of N.V. K.P.M (Koninklijke Paketvaart Matschappij) into a private company.
The concept also mentioned that all operational ships must using Indonesia National Flag. This idea was totally rejected by The Netherlands Government.Onwards, the rejection does not decrease the spirit for Indonesia. In spite of, consist with 8 ships with total 4800 DWT (death weight ton), PEPUSKA story was such a success that the business was continuing and expanded. PEPUSKA ships sails together with N.V. K.P.M ships that already had experienced more than half century.
That was some unfair business. N.V. K.P.M had more ships than PEPUSKA does, and also N.V. K.P.M already monopoly some business contract in shipment.Finally, On April 28th 1952, in addition to its operation, management recognized growing opportunities in the shipment business. On that date, PEPUSKA being dismissed and Indonesia opened its first state shipment private company called PT. PELNI based on three legal letters Surat Keputusan Menteri Perhubungan (Minister of Transportation) No. M.2/1/2 dated February 28th 1952, No. A.2/1/2 dated April 19th 1952, and Berita Negara Republik Indonesia No. 50 dated June 20th 1952.
PT PELNI appointed its first President Director is Mr. R. Ma’moen Soemadipraja (1952-1955)The Company (PT. PELNI) found it difficult to compete with only 8 boats from PEPUSKA as a beginning. So, Export Import Indonesia Bank lending funds for PELNI to bought 45 coasters from Western Europe. As the company wait for those coasters arrival, PELNI rented some overseas flag ships.
This procedure was taken to fulfill empty route inherit from KPM. After that one by one the rented ships was replaced by the coasters and some of them also fulfilled by the Japanese boats taken from war action.
To provide the capital to further its growth, PT. PELNI changed their status from public into Government Company in 1961 based on Lembaran Negara RI No. LN 1961. In 1975, the Company changed its status again into a Private Company based on Akte Pendirian No. 31 dated October 30th, 1975. This history is written on Berita Negara RI No. 562-1976 and addendum No. 60 dated June 27th, 1976.As time goes by and competition, in the late 1975 the company changed their status based on Akta Pendirian No. 31 dated October 30th, 1975 and Akte Perubahan No. 22 dated March 4th, 1998. This changing is published on Berita Negara Republik Indonesia dated April 16th, 1999 and addendum No. 2203.
PT. PELNI main business is to provide sea mass transportation that covered passenger and goodies transport amongst the island in Indonesia. Today they operate more than 28 units of passenger ship transport that classified as follows: 3.000 pax, 2.000 pax, 1.000 pax, and 500 pax of passenger capacity, The Ro-Ro type (Roll on – Roll off) and 1 unit of high speed ferry with overall capacity in total of 36.913 passengers. Besides, we also operate of 4 unit goodies ship transport with total of DWT (Death Weight Tonnage) is 1.200 tons.Indonesia total areas consist of 17.503 islands.
That’s why Indonesia sea transportation is needed because those islands were connected by the sea. According to the SK Dirjen Perla no. AT 55/I/8/DJPL-06 dated April 5th, 2006, PELNI must follow and provide routes for Indonesia sea transportation. Total region and place is 91 harbors with 47 branch offices and more than 300 travel agents throughout Indonesia.To fulfill our missions and goals is the company responsibility to connect even to the further island in Indonesia (President Statement No. 78, 2005 about connecting small and remote island). Besides, our other goal is to take benefit from Indonesia Nature Resources to make continuous community development.
* Pelni Hospital
* Cipayung Guest House
* Master Transportation
* Ship Agency
* Ship DockSubsidiary Company
* PT. SBN : Dock Loading
* PT. PIDC : Freight Forwarding.
some resources taken from: